In 2014 I went in an 8 month trip through India and South East Asia. India was one of my favourites countries, I spend 2 months and a half there, for such a big country this was very short time. The first place I arrived was Leh, it is in the north in the Himalayas and used to be the capital of the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh
There were many aspects I liked about Leh, but for now I will try to focus on the architecture side of it. Leh is a budhist town, therefore there are many monasteries around Leh, most of them centuries old, I will talk about them in a post later.
The first place I went the day I arrived was the Leh Palace.
“Leh Palace is a former royal palace overlooking the Ladakhi Himalayan town of Leh. Modelled on the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet, the palace was built by King Sengge Namgyal in the 17th century. It is nine storeys high; the upper floors accommodated the royal family, while the lower floors held stables and store rooms” (Wikipedia) Its construction started in 1553 and was finished in the 17th century. The palace was built with stone mud, wood, and sand.
Nine storeys is very high for the time it was built, it is amazing although one of the things that impressed me the most were the windows, not only from the palace but from the houses in Leh and surroundings.
As I observed the windows and doors are a strong feature in the houses of Leh and around, in my investigation I found the windows in the Tibet region are similar, since I understand the strong influence from the Tibetan culture in the area.
The windows are made of wood and have two principal characteristics: the first one is the mullions design and the second one are the cornices.
In this post I will show the first characteristic of these windows: the mullions pattern or design and I will show how we can create a beautiful detail applying them to our homes. Here is a picture of the patern:
Although it looks very dark inside, it is only the effect of the light, the rooms in the inside looks like this (picture below) consider this was built on the 16th century and it is in process of being restored.
I made a sketch drawing using the same design pattern of this window, but applying it to a longer one to see how can we use it in our homes (the line in the middle is only a shadow line)
This design can work in different position of the house. Because of the pattern in the design it can be used in a space where we do not need much light and to make an space that is otherwise plain quite interesting because of the shadows that will create. An example would be the passages of a house, with the shadows changing all day long from the movement of the sun, a passage will look very different in different hours of the day.
Another way to use this design is as a protector screen, either for security or to reduce the sun. Or as a screen to separate different spaces. Below you can see a basic render showing the design, as a window and as a protector screen, applied to a proposal I did a few weeks ago.
We can use different materials for build up this type of window or screen, in my opinion I see it more in wood or steel. In our proposal we used wood and this is the final result:
I researched and look for examples where different patterns were use in windows or screens in a similar way to the ones from Leh, here they are: